Computer and Information Technology Jobs: An Overview

Computer career opportunities are growing faster than average in the entire economy. People who have the necessary information technology skills and knowledge are in demand and have a significant number of choices. The scope of the careers in computer information systems field is extensive. Occupations can be grouped in the next general categories:
1. Computer and information research scientists invent and design new technology and discover new uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, science, medicine, and other areas.
Individuals who work in research and development require educational levels that are higher than others (normally advanced degrees). These jobs are fewer in number than other areas and reside on the cutting edge of the technology.
2. Computer programmers write code to create software programs. They turn this program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions a computer can follow.
Programmers create and keep maintaining the instructions that cause computers to do worthwhile work.
3. Computer support specialists provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment. Some are called technical support specialists, support it (IT) employees of their organization. Others, called help-desk technicians, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems.
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The support specialists will be the people who users call when they get into trouble or experience difficulty in dealing with information systems face to face site.
4. Personal computers analysts study an organization’s current personal computers and procedures and makes recommendations to management to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and it (IT) together by understanding the requirements and limitations of both.
Analysts and designers determine system requirements and design specifications for systems that meeting the requirements of the machine. Analysts and designers are aware of how the option of information drives organizational decision-making.
5. Database administrators use software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records. They ensure that data can be found to users and are secure from unauthorized access.
Database specialists analyze, design and implement databases that track organizational records. Information retrieved from databases, typically, are presented to users in a report format.
6. Information security analysts ensure a firm’s information stays safe from cyber attacks and offer for information assurance. The information security specialist implements organizational wide security policy and best practices. Security analysts work closely with network administrators to provide for the confidentiality, integrity and option of networks.
7. Web developers create websites to help firms have a public face and develop internal internet sites that are referred to as intranets. Many web developers are responsible for maintaining online sites that sell to customers.
8. Computer network architects and administrators create the network infrastructure that workers within organizations use. Network architects and administrators are responsible for the day-to-day operation of an organization’s computer networks. They organize, install, and support an organization’s computer systems, including geographic area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, along with other data communication systems.